EU agrees on crypto bank capital regulations.

The European Union (EU) has reached a political agreement on new bank capital legislation, which includes regulations for cryptoassets. Lawmakers have sought strict rules to prevent unbacked cryptocurrencies from entering the traditional financial system. The announcement was made in a tweet by the European Parliament’s Economic and Monetary Affairs committee after a meeting among representatives of the European Parliament, national governments, and the European Commission, which first proposed the new rules in 2021. The political deal, which also introduces sweeping changes to how banks assess the risk of corporate and home loans, must now be voted on by member states in the EU’s Council and by lawmakers to become legislation, a process that could take many months in practice. The new rules, which also adjust the risk weighting for banking assets such as corporate loans, aim to strengthen and increase the resilience of banks operating in the Union. Swedish Finance Minister Elisabeth Svantesson, who chaired the talks on behalf of EU member states, said in a statement. The Council statement also confirmed the deal includes a “transitional prudential regime for crypto assets,” without providing further details. International standard-setters at the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision are currently finalizing what a global crypto banking rulebook would look like. Details suggest they will take a tough line, assigning the maximum possible 1,250% risk weight to free-floating cryptocurrencies. That would mean banks have to issue a euro of capital for each euro of bitcoin (BTC) or ether (ETH) they hold, giving them little incentive to buy into the market. EU parliamentarians appear keen to see those measures take effect sooner rather than later. Under a compromise privately proposed by the European Commission late during the talks, that strict stance would be somewhat softened for regulated stablecoins. This proposal appears to have found favor among EU governments, who must also agree before the bill becomes law. UPDATE (June 27, 06:53 UTC): Updates lead paragraph to confirm crypto is included. Adds statement from Svantesson in fourth paragraph. Edited by Parikshit Mishra.