Putin signs Digital Ruble into law, introducing a third form of currency in Russia.

Putin signs Digital Ruble into law, introducing a third form of currency in Russia.

The Emergence of Russia’s Digital Ruble: A Step Towards a Cashless Society

Digital Ruble

Russia is set to embark on a new chapter in its financial landscape with the launch of the digital ruble. President Vladimir Putin recently signed into law the digital ruble bill, marking a significant milestone in the country’s journey towards a cashless society. This move positions Russia at the forefront of central bank digital currency (CBDC) adoption, joining other nations exploring the vast potential of blockchain technology.

Three Forms of the Russian Ruble

The introduction of the digital ruble means that the Russian national currency will now exist in three distinct forms. Firstly, there is physical cash, which encompasses the traditional banknotes and coins. Then, there are non-cash transactions, such as electronic transfers and online payments, which have become increasingly prevalent in the digital era. Finally, the digital ruble will emerge as a new form of the currency, facilitating seamless digital payments.

The digital ruble holds great promise in streamlining financial transactions, revolutionizing how individuals and businesses engage in payments and transfers. While it will initially function as a “Vehicle of Account, Goods, and Investments” (VoAGI) for daily transactions, the scope of its capabilities is expected to expand over time. It will empower users with greater convenience and cost-efficiency, making it an attractive option for widespread adoption.

The Role of Russia’s Central Bank and Consumer Adoption

Within the framework of the newly enacted law, the Russian central bank will serve as the principal operator of the digital ruble infrastructure. This pivotal role ensures the custody and security of digital ruble assets. Furthermore, the legislation prohibits unauthorized use of the digital ruble platform and related terminology for personal gain. This step aims to safeguard users and maintain the integrity of the digital ruble ecosystem.

A critical aspect to note is that adoption of the digital ruble will be entirely voluntary. Elvira Nabiullina, Governor of the Bank of Russia, emphasizes that Russian citizens will have the freedom to choose whether or not to embrace the CBDC. The hope is that the digital ruble’s enhanced convenience and affordability will incentivize its acceptance among individuals and businesses alike. As Nabiullina aptly puts it, “This is a new opportunity.”

Ensuring Certainty in Inheritance and Transfer of Digital Rubles

To provide a solid legal framework for the digital ruble, the legislation includes provisions for the inheritance and transfer of digital assets. Individuals will be able to pass on their rights to digital rubles through testamentary dispositions or wills. The Russian government, in collaboration with the Bank of Russia, will establish the necessary processes and rules for issuing these orders. This ensures that digital rubles can be efficiently managed and distributed during an individual’s passing, promoting confidence in the digital ruble’s long-term viability.

The Road Ahead: Anticipating Widespread Adoption

While the implementation of the digital ruble is a significant development, it is important to recognize that mass adoption will take time. Olga Skorobogatova, Deputy Governor of the Bank of Russia, suggests that widespread usage may not occur until 2025 or even 2027. This gradual adoption curve allows for careful monitoring of the digital ruble’s performance, assuring its stability, security, and effectiveness in the evolving financial landscape.


Russia’s decision to adopt the digital ruble signifies a major step towards a cashless society. By embracing blockchain technology and CBDCs, the country aims to revolutionize its financial ecosystem, fostering efficiency, accessibility, and security. The digital ruble offers individuals and businesses a new payment solution, complementing existing cash and non-cash forms of the currency. As the digital ruble pilot program is set to commence in the coming months, Russia is poised to forge ahead as a leader in the global blockchain industry.